UK Mining Walks & Visits Log

Yorkshire Mining Walks

Journals of mining walks

    Grassington Mining Walk(s) August 2013
  A brief description

Distance = Walk1 = 16km; Walk2 = 2km; Walk3 = 1km
Route = Paths, tracks, minor road, open moorland
Start / End = Walk1 = Yarnbury; Walk2 = Moor Lane, Threshfield; Walk3 = Coldstones Car Park
Weather = Showers becoming sunny

Leaving the house early on a Sunday morning with lots of blue sky on the way, I arrived at Yarnbury House at 8am with some dark clouds overhead. The site of Yarnbury House is the former mine managers house and around are the remains of the smithy, weigh house and powder house; on the other side of the track is Low Grinding Mill, however the walk finished there, so I will get back to that site. Leaving the car I took the track heading northward, after just a few metres and on the right was the Inclined Shaft (SE01576596), commonly called Barratts, although on some maps is named as Masons Shaft. To the west could be seen the site of Barratts shaft with large spoil mound behind the smithy and cottage. Following the track for a few minutes I noticed some shake holes to the north of the track, next to the shake holes is the channel of Duke's Low Watercourse leading to Yarnbury Reservoir, looking east gave some nice view of Cupola Smelter and Chimney on the horizon.

After passing the end of the lane (a gate) I soon came across the Duke's Low Watercourse for a second time (at the same contour), running to the northwest could been seen a line of shafts marking Wash Vein. However to the north a ruined coe sat on top of a shaft mound; this marked the position of Wensley? Shaft (SE02346688) , from the shaft mound could be seen numerous shaft hillocks and hollows marking positions of a number of veins. To the north could be seen a long line of shafts on New Rope Vein, trending northwest. Whereas to the northeast could be seen an area of shafts and featutes beloning to Burnt Ling Vein (SE026670); which include coes, ruined buildings, gins and dressing floors. From here I could easily see two fenced shafts to the east, so that was the next site - Taylors Shaft (SE02736693) to the south with a ruined coe and walled gin circle, to the north of the track was a fenced shaft and slabbed floor. Following the track east I came to the crossroads above High Grinding Mill, however I turned left and headed to the next site of Friendship Minel (SE027669) - a group of shafs and associated features including walls, coes, gin and a recent shaft fill collapse.

After taking some photos, I left Friendship Mine and continued northward to the site of Glory Mine (SE028671), and the site of a large walled gin circle, later re-used as a sheepfold. A little to the west were two coes visible atop shaft mound; these two shafts belong to Chatsworth Mine (SE025671). The eastern shaft has the remains of a coe, whilst the western shaft mound has a coe (or double coe) and low walled gin circle. Heading back towards the track, the way I came, the clouds were getting darker; on the other side of the track is a small mound of Ringleton Shaft. Turning left (north) along the track I soon came to the site of two closely spaced mines - Low Ringleton Mine (SE027673) on the east side of the track and High Ringleton Mine (SE026674) on the west side. Low Ringleton Mine comprised a possible gin or crushing circle, however upon reaching High Ringleton Mine, the rain started to come down, so I quickly put on my waterproofs before having a look at the run-in shafts and nearby walled gin with centre stone. Heading back to the track, I continued northwards and decided to take a short detour from my planned route. This short diversion took me to what is labelled on the map as a limekiln (SE02676762), a rather nice stone built structure, with a trackway above leading to a largish hole in the ground / spoil heap above. After taking some photos I continued along my route to the next site; Bycliffe Mine (SE027678), the rain had eased slightly but hadn't stopped yet. The mine site however, contained some nice features, including a large area of ore processing, some stone walls and a very large walled gin; almost looked more like a crushing circle.

From Bycliffe Mine, I re-traced the track back to Ringleton Shaft, then took the old miners track to Turf Pits Mine (SE029674) which comprised a water filled shaft hollow and adjacent flattish area for a possible gin. The rain was still coming, albeit a lot easier now; so onward I went and made my way cross-country heading south-easterly. My next site was that of New Moss Mine (SE031672); a spoil mound with shaft hollow and possible ore dressing area. After taking a few photos, I made my way northeast along the track to the next few sites. The first of these was West Peru Mine (SE031675); to the west of the track and involved a short trek across the moorland; however the site was a nice surprise with some very good features including a beehive capped shaft, stone lined channel, walled gin circle with centre stone and remain of a limekiln or possible bouseteem - very similar in appearance to the one visited earlier. The cloud was also starting to break, and from here I headed back to the track and the site of Low Peru Mine (SE033675). This mine comprised a walled gin circle, sleeper covered shaft and remains of a possible coe atop the shaft mound. The next mine in this set of three, was a little further up the track - Peru Mine (SE035678); this site was not as impressive as the previous ones but included a large shaft hollow, nearby flattish area and some earthworks of a possible building area.

Leaving Peru Mine, I made my way back southwest along the track to the site of Low Peru Mine, here I turned south-eastward and cross-country to Sarah Mine (SE034673). From a distance I could see the nice finger-tipped spoil mine, and this mine included a number of features including shaft hollow and adajcent flat area (possible gin), a long fingure earthwork, ore dressing areas, remains of some walling. After Sarah Mine, I headed southerly along the track to the site of Old Moss Mine (SE034670); with a ruinuous building (uncertain origins or purpose), shaft hollow, largish rectangular flattish area, ore dressing area. The sun was starting to shine alot more and the temperature had gotten warmer. I followed the track to the west and downhill, past the site of Moss Mine (SE030670) with just a spoil mound; and on to the large spoil heaps to the northwest. At the back of the spoil heaps are the remains of a buildings, this is also not far from the site of the Rod Lobby (SE032670) for High Winding House of Coalgrovehead Mine (SE029668). Heading back to the track I soon came to the site of the modern Barytes Mill which occupies the site of the earlier High Grinding Mill (SE027667). Above the mill site and its numerous modern building, and behind the spoil mound was the site of High Winding House itself - I water powered winding house, which includes the wheel pit, part of the engine house and water leats. Above the engine house is the site of Coalgrovehead Reservoir (SE030667) which provided water to the High Winding House and High Grinding Mill. To the east of the reservoir I saw the ruins of a building, which sits on the site of a small shaft mound; this is Dog Kennel Shaft. On the way from the High Winding House to the reservoir I took a slight detour to the site of Coalgrove Beck Mine (SE030667) and the remains of the carpenters and some other building and features slightly to the north near Brunt's Shaft.

From the reservoir I headed south along part of the mining trail to the preserved chimney (SE029665) and associated flues of Cupola Smelting Mill (SE023663). After taking some nice photos of the chimney, I followed one of the flues northwest to the remains of some structure (SE029666) (condensor?) on the flue itself. The next site was something I had noticed on the maps, so took a slight diversion off the line of the flue and headed easterly cross-county. Passing some earthwork features and possible water channels; I arrived at the site of a large waterwheel pit (SE027665) for an old water powered engine house, associated with the High Grinding Mill. An expected but rather nice find, so I headed back up to the line of the flues and followed the path to the site of a condensor house (SE026663). From here it was a short distance down to the smelter mill itself with a number of ruined buildings and features; above the mill I noticed the remain of a small building; possible magazine for the mill, mines or quarry? My next site was about 10 minutes walk, so I had a quick drink and set of along the track.

The weather had improved vastly since this morning, and it was almost lovely blue sky without any clouds. Approaching Beever Mine (SE021657) I saw the large site and spoil tips with some interesting features visible. These features include the remains of a wheel engine house with a later Barytes Mill, the engine shaft, bouseteem, level to the shaft for the pump rod, at the end can be seen the angle bob, walking over the back of the site to the south I could see the remains or a building on a small mound. Returning to the main site, I followed the path eastward then north along the wall, alongside the wall is the remains of the Cockbur Powder Magazine. After taking a few photos I followed the track down the valley, coming down the valley I could clearly see an adit at the bottom of the valley and on the otherside below the rebuilt barn; the adit may be Blue Level (SE026654). However, in the valley floor and before coming level with the adit is the site of a nice limekiln, a few hundred metres to the south of the limekiln are some opencuts, these may relate to Cockbur Mine (SE026656). Following the path along the valley floor, the site of the Hebden Moor Lead Works could just be seen along the valley. However, my next site was a diversion up Bolton Gill (SE028654), the site of which could easily been seen from the stream. Crossing the stream at some stepping stones, I made my way up the path to get a closer look of the site which includes some stone leat pillars, some building remains and the water powered pumping engine shaft. Making my way back down Bolton Gill, and just before the bottom, I took the path heading left along the southside of the Gill, after a few hundred metres I came to the site of an unknown adit below some more pillars. Below this adit I had a look down below to the site of an old reservoir. Following the path back down I continued along the valley floor past this resevoir, at the otherside and below the dam embankment could be seen the top of an adit, this is Bottle Level which is was used as a pumpway for Bolton Gill Engine Shaft. Passing through the gate, I arrived at the main site of the Hebden Moor Lead Works, (SE026650) the building up the slope is reasonably substantial, other featurs around the site include a bouseteem, wheel pit for a water powered engine, couple of other building remains and a stone / cobbled floor. At the south end of the site was Charger Level (SE 02650 65010) and associated walls and features.

The next site on my walk was a fair walk away, so I returned back up the valley and took Tinker's Lane up the slopes heading southwest, then taking a footpath northwest back towards Beever Mine. From this path I could see some of the former crushing machine in the field (private land) to the east of Beever Mine. At the Beever Mine I took the track heading east to the gate to this field to get a closer look at the building remains. I took a few photos and headed through the Beever Mine site to the lane to the north. From this lane I got a good view of the old reservoir below for Beever Mine, follow Duke's New Road lane east I rejoined the Grassington Moor trail. Some notice boards highlight the site of an old Horse Gin at Nixons Shaft, some shallow somewhere in the spoil mounds is Bowdens Shaft (SE016658). Further markers highlithed the sites of Low Grinding Mill (SE015659); Yarnbury Reservoir and an old narrow gauge tramway.

Returning to the car, I had some refreshments, before driving the short distance to my next site. Parking at the end of Moor Lane in Threkeld, I followed the lane west to the open countryside, and the site of Threshfield Colliery (SD973628), with its engine shaft, washery remains, tramway embankment (walled) and tramway bridge pillars. Around the area are a number of old coal shaft, shallow pits, so care was taken exploring some fo the visible spoil mounds.

After reaching the car, I decided to head on the 2 hour or so drive back home, however on the way home I still had one more site to visit. Parking in the small car park of Coldstone Viewing Point, I headed not to the viewing platform, but to the site of Toft Gate Limekiln (SE129644), with the remains of the chimney, flues and limekiln and quarry.

This was an excellent visit, even in the rain some of the site were well worth a visit. A long day which ended in some glorious sunshine.